Physiotherapy, also referred to physical therapy, is treatment to restore, maintain, and make the most of a patient’s mobility, function, and well-being. Physiotherapy helps through physical rehabilitation, injury prevention, and health and fitness. Physiotherapists get you involved in your own recovery by setting a pre-defined track for the treatment. A physio may ask you to do certain exercises on your own in order to recover quickly. Physiotherapists use manual therapy and various modalities according to the patient’s condition.
A physiotherapist can treat various issues like Sports injuries, Musculoskeletal, Neurological issues, pediatric care and other problems as well depending upon the specialization of the physiotherapist. Some Common issues that can be treated by a physiotherapist are as follows:
Neck and back pain caused by problems in the muscles and skeleton. Problems in the bones, joints, muscles and ligaments, such as arthritis. Fatigue, pain, swelling, stiffness and loss of muscle strength. Loss of mobility because of trauma to the brain (Stroke) or spine, or due to diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis.
First of all, the assessment of the patient is done by a physio where they set a track for the process of the treatment. There are different approaches used in a physiotherapy treatment however it may vary from patient to patient depending upon the condition of the patient and the type of treatment needed. The common procedure includes fallowing:
– Manual Exercises – Soft Tissue Mobilization – Electrotherapy – Heat Therapy – Taping for sports injuries – Ultrasound
Musculoskeletal / orthopedic physiotherapy: Used to treat conditions such as Bone Injuries, sprains, back pain, arthritis, strains, posture problems, sport and workplace injuries. Neurological Physiotherapy : Used to treat disorders of the nervous system including strokes, spinal cord injuries, acquired brain injuries, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease Other than that, based on physio’s personal interest, experience & certified trainings physiotherapists can be specialized in one or more of the following specialties Pediatric Physiotherapy, Geriatric Physiotherapy, Vestibular Rehabilitation, Cardiovascular Physiotherapy, Pulmonary Physiotherapy, Sports Physiotherapy, Women’s Health Physiotherapy, Chiropractor Adjustments, Dry Needling Physiotherapy, Acupuncture Therapy, Cupping Therapy etc.
No, it is not mandatory to get the physio treatment prescribed by the doctor. In some cases, doctor prescribes the physiotherapy to the patient which is good but we also make sure that our physio makes the assessment of the patient which helps him/her to diagnose the issue and accordingly start the treatment. Our practice is to give the safest and best possible patient centric care.
To find the right physio depends on the condition of patient and the type of treatment the patient has to go through. Suppose there is a case of post-surgery, so this patient will be assigned with ortho physiotherapist and in some critical cases like a patient with post stroke is not only assigned with a neuro physio but CBP will make sure that he gets an experienced physiotherapist. Let us explain with one more example; suppose there is kid who is suffering from any physical pain or injury so he will be assigned with pediatric physio. In some cases, patient is not aware about what exactly he is facing, whether it is a muscle spasm or muscle strain so in that case physio takes an assessment in which gets to know the approach of treatment.
Yes, if a physio suggests you to do exercises on your own then start doing the same. Sometimes the exercises are practiced by the physio at the time of treatment which are supposed to do on your own without having an eye of any physio. The reason of suggesting the exercises to be done on your own is only that the recovery moves on fast pace and there is a relief in pain. Sometimes patient can also consult YouTube videos or online exercise programs, we strongly advise against that.